The affective processes are man’s attitudes, experienced in different forms, towards what happens in his life, towards what he knows and what he does. Among the feelings a general characters, there are the moral ones, of responsibility and duty towards the collectivity, etc. The moods specific to the weightlifting contest may be the following: emotion of the start, sport passion enthusiasm to compete, sport ambition, the joy of victory, the bitterness of defeat, etc.
The maximum strain the lifter experiences during the competition can give birth not only to positive moods but, also, to tormenting ones. In these cases, the sport actions in taking decisions depend mostly in the affective stability which, in turn, depends on the motivation.
Affective moods can be manifested in different ways: electro dermal reactions, circulatory modifications, breathing modifications, muscle tension, etc. Thus, for a high performance weightlifter, affective stability becomes absolutely necessary.
Weightlifters train autogenus and psychological methods to autosuggest from the following reasons: as remedies for insomnia, for relaxation during breaks in competitions, for the improvement of emotions and the increase of self-control before and during contests.
Autogenus training last about 10-20 minutes, in a sitting or lying position, and means the mental representation of some self-commands, in order to perceive the following feelings:
1.The feeling of weight, of the limbs, and generally of the body can be felt as a result of muscular relaxtion. Self-commands are used, of the type: the right hand is heavy (6 times), the left hand is heavy (6 times), the right leg is heavy (6 times), etc.
2.The feeling of warmth, is the effect of the dilation of vessels as a result of muscular relaxation. To realize the feeling of warmth, the following will be repeated: my feet are heavy, are very warm (6 times). My arms are very heavy, very warm (6 times), I’m perfectly quiet (once).
3. The perception of the heart beat and its regulation can be achieved by repeating the following commands: my heart beats quietly, the beats are powerful (6 times), I am completely quiet (once).
4. The regulation of the breathing can be achieved by concentration one’s attention on the breathing rhythm and repeating: my breathing is quiet (6 times), I am completely untroubled (once).
5.The feeling of warmth in the abdominal cavity can be realized by concentrating one’s attention on the solar plexus and repeating: the region of my solar plexus is warm (6 times), I am perfectly quiet (once).
6. The feeling of coolness in the frontal region is welcomed during competitions because it fights against the feelings of strain, tiredness, emotions, etc. The perception of this sensation can be achieved by repeating: my forehead is cool (6 time), I am perfectly quiet (once).
Autogenus training can be done every evening before going to bed or even during the day. After 2-3 months the weightlifter can make a substantial progress. Muscular relaxation, the reduction and regulation of the heart rhythm, the regulation of breathing according to the necessities of the moment or even the annihilation of a negative mental mood which may appear during the contest.
Adapted for the individual possibilities, autogenus and psychotonic training has to acquire a greater and greater importance in the lifter’s preparations, thanks to the possibilities of affective stability that it offers. We must not forget that many times, especially during competitions of great importance where sportsmen are of almost equal values, the winner is the one who is better trained from the psychological point of view.