The ancient city of Machu Picchu

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The ancient city of Machu Picchu

This ancient Inca city is one of the most appreciated treasures of Peru. It was built in the XV century as the residence of Pachacutec. Machu Picchu means “old mountain” and it is home of a sanctuary. It is located around 2.453 above sea level, between two promontories called Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.

The Historic Sanctuary-Archaeological National Machupicchu Park (SHM-PANM) is a cultural and natural area inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Covering 37.302 hectares. It is one of the areas with most biodiversity in Peru and it hosts more than 60 archaeological sites connected through an Incan old paths called Qhapac Ñan. 

Llaqta, Machu Picchu (Pic: Peru Government)

It is one of the areas with most biodiversity in Peru and it hosts more than 60 archaeological sites connected through an Incan old paths called Qhapac Ñan. 

Machu Picchu is divided in two big areas: the agricultural – with all the artificial terraces-, and the urban area formed by building, plazas and Templo del Sol, Templo de las Tres Ventanas, Templo Principal and Templo del Cóndor among them. 

The construction of this city was planned and built around the year 1.450 during Pachakuti government. All kind of specialist – architects, engineers, astronomist- collaborated to prepare the land and lay the foundation of this magnificent place. Llaqta – the city of Machu Pichhu- was created to be home of a religious, politic and administrative place between the Andes and the Amazon. 

If you want to visit Machu Picchu you have to consider different aspects. For example, it is located to 2.453, so it is common to suffer AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) during the ascent. Consider that you will have to climb a lot of steps, so it is really important to wear a correct footwear, to be in shape and carry a mountain stick if you need it.

Annual Temperature oscillates between 6º and 30º C due to it tropical climate. From November to March rain is really usual. Be aware to carry a raincoat and mosquito repellent.

Machu Picchu (Pic: Peru Government)

Annual Temperature oscillates between 6º and 30º C due to it tropical climate. From November to March rain is really usual. Be aware to carry a raincoat and mosquito repellent.

Last November, the Government started the Machu Picchu plastic free initiative to preserve this UNESCO World Heritage. They suggest to use water canteens instead disposable bottles, to use backpacks or cloth bags and bring the food in reusable containers.

Find out more details about tickets and how to reach the ancient city of Machu Picchu here: https://www.peru.travel/en-us/what-to-do/ancient-peru/